Biddya is located 32km southwest of Nablus, and 13km northwest of Salfit Governorate. It is considered a Mountainous town, and one of the largest towns in the Salfit Governorate with a population of approximately 8,557 in 2007.
The name of Biddya village is derived from the Aramaic word "bidda", which means the place for squeezing olive fruit, and "Al Bid" means the heavy trunk that is used in pressing olives. Accordingly, Bidyya is one of the most productive towns of olive oil not only in Salfit Governorate but also in Palestine. Therefore it is no surprise that olive trees are considered a precious treasure and the backbone of the town's economy.